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Laparoscopic prostate adenomectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure designed to remove an enlarged prostate, typically caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). This technique involves the use of a laparoscope, a specialized instrument equipped with a camera and surgical tools, which is inserted through small incisions in the abdomen. The laparoscope provides a magnified view of the surgical area, allowing the surgeon to precisely excise the enlarged prostate tissue while minimizing damage to surrounding structures. 

This approach offers several benefits over traditional open surgery, including smaller incisions, reduced blood loss, less postoperative pain, shorter hospital stays, and faster recovery times. The enhanced visualization and precision afforded by the laparoscopic method also contribute to better surgical outcomes and lower complication rates. Laparoscopic prostate adenomectomy is particularly advantageous for patients with significantly enlarged prostates or those who have not responded well to other treatments for BPH.

Patient Eligibility

Patient Eligibility for Laparoscopic Prostate Adenomectomy


Laparoscopic prostate adenomectomy is a surgical option for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), particularly in cases where other treatments have failed or are not suitable. Determining eligibility for this procedure involves assessing several factors:

1. Severity of Symptoms
- Significant Symptoms: Patients experiencing severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to BPH, such as frequent urination, nocturia, weak urine stream, and urinary retention, are considered for this procedure.
- Impact on Quality of Life: Those whose daily activities and quality of life are significantly affected by BPH symptoms.

2. Size of the Prostate
- Large Prostate Volume: Laparoscopic prostate adenomectomy is particularly beneficial for patients with a significantly enlarged prostate, typically over 80-100 grams, where other less invasive treatments may not be effective  .

3. Failure of Other Treatments
- Ineffectiveness of Medications: Patients who have not responded adequately to medical therapies such as alpha-blockers or 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors.
- Previous Minimally Invasive Procedures: Those who have undergone other minimally invasive procedures (like transurethral resection of the prostate - TURP) without satisfactory results .

4. Overall Health and Surgical Risk
- Good General Health: Candidates should be in relatively good health, with no severe comorbid conditions that could increase surgical risk.
- Fitness for Surgery: A thorough preoperative evaluation including cardiac and respiratory assessments to ensure the patient can safely undergo anesthesia and surgery.

5. Patient Preference
- Informed Decision: Patients should be well-informed about the benefits, risks, and alternatives to laparoscopic prostate adenomectomy and express a preference for this approach after consulting with their healthcare provider.

6. Absence of Contraindications
- No Severe Bleeding Disorders: Patients should not have conditions that significantly increase the risk of bleeding or complicate surgical management.
- No Severe Comorbid Conditions: Conditions such as severe cardiovascular or respiratory diseases that would contraindicate the use of general anesthesia.

Operating Room

The Operating Room and Equipment​​


At RhodosUrology, we are committed to providing our patients with the highest level of surgical care. Our operating rooms are equipped with the latest technology and tools to ensure precision and safety in every procedure, including 3D Laparoscopic Prostate Adenomectomy.

Here is an overview of our surgical room and the advanced equipment we use:

Surgical Room at Lefkos Stavros Athinon
Our surgical room is located at the renowned White Cross medical center. White Cross is a leading healthcare organization known for its commitment to excellence and patient-centered care. You can learn more about White Cross by visiting their website.

dvanced Laparoscopic Equipment: Karl Storz 3D 4k Laparoscopic Set
In our surgical room, we use the pioneering Karl Storz 3D 4k laparoscopic system. This advanced laparoscopic system offers unparalleled clarity and precision during surgical procedures. The equipment includes a high-definition 3D camera that provides surgeons with a three-dimensional view of the surgical field. This enhanced visualization allows for greater accuracy during 3D Laparoscopic Prostate Adenomectomy.
- The Karl Storz laparoscopic system is designed to minimize tissue trauma, reduce blood loss, and improve patient outcomes. This is a testament to our commitment to being at the forefront of medical technology to provide our patients with the best possible care.

Patient Safety and Comfort
Our surgical room is maintained with meticulous precision to meet the highest standards of cleanliness and safety. We prioritize patient comfort and well-being throughout the surgical experience. Our team of skilled professionals, including surgeons, anesthesiologists, nurses, and support staff, work harmoniously to ensure that every procedure is performed with the utmost care and accuracy.

At RhodosUrology, we take pride in our advanced surgical room and the Karl Storz laparoscopic system, which enable us to provide exceptional care to our patients. We are dedicated to delivering the most advanced and effective treatments while prioritizing patient safety and comfort.

When you choose RhodosUrology for 3D Laparoscopic Prostate Adenomectomy, you can trust that you are in capable hands and benefiting from advanced technology in a state-of-the-art surgical environment.

Preparation and Preoperative Care

Preparation and Preoperative Care for 3D Laparoscopic Prostate Adenomectomy

Proper preparation and preoperative care are essential for ensuring the success of a 3D laparoscopic prostate adenomectomy and facilitating a smooth recovery. Here is a detailed guide to help patients prepare for the procedure at RhodosUrology:

1. Medical Evaluation
- Initial Consultation: Schedule an initial consultation with your urologist to discuss the procedure, review your medical history, and assess your overall health. This includes a thorough physical examination and a discussion about any medications you are currently taking.
- Preoperative Tests: Your doctor will order preoperative tests, such as blood tests, urine tests, and imaging studies (e.g., MRI or ultrasound), to evaluate the size and condition of your prostate and ensure you are fit for surgery.

2. Medication Review
- Current Medications: Provide a complete list of all medications, supplements, and herbal remedies you are taking. Some medications, especially blood thinners, may need to be discontinued or adjusted prior to surgery.
- Preoperative Medications: You may be prescribed specific medications to take before the surgery, such as antibiotics to prevent infection and medications to manage underlying health conditions.

3. Lifestyle Adjustments
- Smoking Cessation: If you smoke, it is highly recommended to stop smoking several weeks before the surgery to improve healing and reduce the risk of complications.
- Healthy Diet: Maintain a healthy diet to ensure your body is in the best possible condition for surgery and recovery. Your doctor may provide specific dietary guidelines.

4. Preoperative Instructions
- Fasting: You will likely be instructed to fast for a specific period (usually 6-8 hours) before the surgery to reduce the risk of aspiration during anesthesia.
- Bowel Preparation: Some surgeons may recommend a bowel preparation regimen to clear the intestines before surgery. Follow your surgeon’s instructions carefully.
- Hygiene: Take a shower or bath with antibacterial soap the night before or the morning of the surgery to reduce the risk of infection.

5. Day of Surgery
- Arrival: Arrive at the hospital or surgical center at the designated time to complete any remaining paperwork and preparations.
- Clothing: Wear loose, comfortable clothing and remove any jewelry, contact lenses, and dentures before surgery.
- Support: Arrange for someone to drive you to and from the hospital, as you will not be able to drive yourself after the procedure.

6. Anesthesia Consultation
- Meeting with Anesthesiologist: You will meet with the anesthesiologist to discuss the type of anesthesia that will be used, review any allergies or previous reactions to anesthesia, and address any concerns you may have.

7. Informed Consent
- Signing Consent Forms: You will be asked to sign consent forms indicating that you understand the procedure, the risks involved, and the expected outcomes. Be sure to ask any questions you may have before signing.

8. Mental and Emotional Preparation
- Stress Management: Practice relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, or gentle exercises to manage any anxiety or stress related to the surgery.
- Support System: Discuss your upcoming surgery with family and friends who can provide emotional support and assistance during your recovery.

By following these preparation and preoperative care guidelines, you can help ensure that you are in the best possible condition for a 3D laparoscopic prostate adenomectomy at RhodosUrology, leading to a more successful surgery and quicker recovery. Always follow the specific instructions provided by your healthcare team.

Intraoperative Details

Intraoperative Details for 3D Laparoscopic Prostate Adenomectomy


The 3D laparoscopic prostate adenomectomy procedure at RhodosUrology is meticulously planned and executed to ensure precision, safety, and optimal outcomes for the patient. Here are the key intraoperative details of the procedure:

1. Anesthesia
- General Anesthesia: The patient is placed under general anesthesia to ensure they are unconscious and pain-free throughout the procedure.

2. Patient Positioning
- Lithotomy Position: The patient is positioned in the lithotomy position, lying on their back with legs elevated and spread apart, and tilted head-down (Trendelenburg position) to provide better access to the pelvic area.

3. Sterilization and Preparation
- Sterilization: The surgical area is thoroughly cleaned and sterilized to minimize the risk of infection.
- Draping: Sterile drapes are placed around the surgical site to maintain a sterile environment.

4. Trocar Insertion
- Port Placement: Several small incisions (usually 5-6) are made in the lower abdomen to insert trocars, which are small tubes that allow access for the laparoscopic instruments.
- Insufflation: Carbon dioxide gas is used to inflate the abdomen, creating a working space for the surgeons.

5. Insertion of Laparoscopic Instruments
- Camera Insertion: A high-definition 3D laparoscopic camera is inserted through one of the trocars, providing a magnified, three-dimensional view of the surgical field on a monitor.
- Instrument Insertion: Specialized laparoscopic instruments are inserted through the other trocars, allowing the surgeon to manipulate tissues and perform the surgery.

6. Dissection and Removal of the Prostate
- Bladder and Urethra Dissection: The bladder is separated from the prostate, and the urethra is carefully dissected to preserve as much length as possible for reconstruction.
- Nerve-Sparing Technique: If appropriate and feasible, nerve-sparing techniques are used to preserve the nerves responsible for erectile function.
- Adenoma Removal: The enlarged prostate tissue (adenoma) is carefully excised using the 3D laparoscopic instruments.

7. Reconstruction
- Urethrovesical Anastomosis: The bladder neck is reconnected to the remaining urethra, creating a new passage for urine flow. This step requires precise suturing to ensure a secure and leak-proof connection.

8. Hemostasis and Closure
- Hemostasis: Bleeding is carefully controlled throughout the procedure using cauterization or suturing.
- Drain Placement: A surgical drain may be placed near the surgical site to remove any excess fluids and prevent fluid accumulation.
- Closure of Incisions: The trocars are removed, and the small incisions are closed with sutures or surgical staples. Sterile dressings are applied to the incision sites.

9. Postoperative Care
- Waking from Anesthesia: The patient is gradually awakened from anesthesia and monitored in the recovery room.
- Initial Monitoring: Vital signs, fluid balance, and pain levels are closely monitored. The patient may receive pain medication and antibiotics to prevent infection.
- Catheter Placement: A urinary catheter is placed to allow urine drainage while the urethrovesical anastomosis heals. The catheter typically remains in place for 1-2 weeks.

By adhering to these detailed intraoperative steps, the surgical team at RhodosUrology ensures the precise and safe removal of the enlarged prostate tissue, aiming to achieve the best possible outcomes for the patient.

Postoperative Care and Recovery

Postoperative Care and Recovery for 3D Laparoscopic Prostate Adenomectomy


Proper postoperative care and recovery are crucial for ensuring the best outcomes following a 3D laparoscopic prostate adenomectomy. Here are the key aspects of postoperative care and recovery:

1. Immediate Postoperative Care
- Recovery Room Monitoring: After the surgery, the patient is moved to a recovery room where vital signs (heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen levels) are closely monitored as they wake up from anesthesia.
- Pain Management: Pain and discomfort are managed with prescribed medications. Patients may have a patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) pump or receive regular doses of pain relievers.
- Hydration and Nutrition: Intravenous (IV) fluids are administered initially, and clear liquids are gradually introduced once bowel function begins to return.

2. Hospital Stay
- Length of Stay: Most patients stay in the hospital for 1-2 days after surgery, but this may vary depending on individual recovery and any complications.
- Monitoring for Complications: Continuous monitoring for signs of infection, bleeding, or other complications. Blood tests and imaging may be conducted as needed.
- Catheter Care: The urinary catheter will remain in place for about 1-2 weeks to allow the urethrovesical anastomosis to heal. Proper catheter care instructions are provided to prevent infection.

3. Managing Side Effects
- Swelling and Bruising: Some swelling and bruising around the incision sites are normal. Cold packs can help reduce swelling.
- Constipation: Pain medications and reduced mobility can cause constipation. Stool softeners and a high-fiber diet are recommended to ease bowel movements.

4. Discharge Instructions
- Activity Restrictions: Patients are advised to avoid heavy lifting, strenuous activities, and driving for a few weeks. Gentle walking is encouraged to promote circulation and prevent blood clots.
- Incision Care: Keep the surgical sites clean and dry. Follow instructions on when and how to change dressings. Watch for signs of infection, such as increased redness, swelling, or drainage.
- Medication Management: Take all prescribed medications as directed, including pain relievers, antibiotics, and any other medications to manage underlying health conditions.

5. At-Home Recovery
- Gradual Increase in Activity: Gradually increase physical activity as tolerated. Start with short walks and gradually extend the distance and duration.
- Hydration and Diet: Drink plenty of fluids and maintain a healthy diet to support healing. Avoid alcohol and caffeinated beverages initially.
- Catheter Care: Follow specific instructions for caring for the urinary catheter. Monitor for any signs of infection or issues with urine flow.

6. Follow-Up Appointments
- Initial Follow-Up: Typically scheduled within 1-2 weeks after discharge to remove the catheter and check on the healing process.
- Regular Monitoring: Additional follow-up appointments will be scheduled to monitor PSA levels, assess recovery, and detect any signs of cancer recurrence.

7. Potential Complications and Management
- Infection: Monitor for signs of infection, including fever, chills, increased pain, or unusual discharge from the incisions. Contact your healthcare provider if any of these symptoms occur.
- Urinary Issues: Some patients may experience urinary incontinence or difficulty urinating initially. Pelvic floor exercises, such as Kegel exercises, may help improve urinary control.
- Erectile Dysfunction: Erectile dysfunction is a common side effect. Discuss potential treatments with your healthcare provider, including medications, vacuum devices, or other therapies.

8. Long-Term Recovery and Monitoring
- Physical Rehabilitation: Engage in physical therapy or rehabilitation programs if recommended to regain strength and improve overall function.
- Emotional Support: Consider joining a support group or seeking counseling to help cope with the emotional aspects of recovery and adjust to any lifestyle changes.
- Cancer Surveillance: Regular PSA tests and follow-up appointments with your urologist and oncologist are essential for monitoring your long-term health and detecting any recurrence of cancer.

By following these postoperative care and recovery guidelines, patients can enhance their recovery, minimize complications, and improve their overall outcomes after a 3D laparoscopic prostate adenomectomy. Always follow the specific instructions provided by your healthcare team.


Benefits of 3D Laparoscopic Prostate Adenomectomy


3D laparoscopic prostate adenomectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). It involves the use of advanced 3D laparoscopic technology, which provides several advantages over traditional open surgery and even standard laparoscopic surgery. Here are the key benefits:

1. Enhanced Visualization
- Three-Dimensional View: The 3D laparoscopic system provides surgeons with a three-dimensional view of the surgical field, offering better depth perception and spatial orientation compared to standard two-dimensional systems. This improved visualization allows for more precise dissection and removal of prostate tissue  .

2. Increased Precision
- Accurate Surgical Movements: The enhanced visualization and magnification offered by the 3D system enable surgeons to perform more precise and controlled movements. This can lead to better preservation of surrounding tissues and critical structures, such as nerves responsible for erectile function .
- Minimized Tissue Trauma: The precision of 3D laparoscopy helps minimize damage to surrounding tissues, reducing the risk of complications and promoting quicker recovery .

3. Reduced Blood Loss
- Less Intraoperative Bleeding: The minimally invasive nature of the procedure, combined with the precision of the 3D system, results in significantly less blood loss during surgery compared to traditional open prostate adenomectomy .
- Lower Need for Transfusions: Reduced blood loss typically means that patients are less likely to require blood transfusions, which decreases the risk of transfusion-related complications .

4. Smaller Incisions and Reduced Scarring
- Minimal Scarring: The procedure involves small incisions, which lead to less scarring compared to open surgery. This is cosmetically preferable for many patients and also contributes to quicker healing.
- Lower Risk of Infection: Smaller incisions reduce the exposure of internal tissues to external contaminants, thereby lowering the risk of postoperative infections .

5. Shorter Hospital Stay and Faster Recovery
- Reduced Hospitalization Time: Patients undergoing 3D laparoscopic prostate adenomectomy often have shorter hospital stays due to the minimally invasive nature of the surgery and quicker recovery times .
- Quick Return to Normal Activities: Faster recovery allows patients to return to their daily activities and work sooner than those who undergo traditional open surgery .

6. Improved Functional Outcomes
- Better Urinary Control: The precise removal of prostate tissue helps improve urinary symptoms associated with BPH, such as frequency, urgency, and weak stream, leading to better overall urinary control .
- Preservation of Sexual Function: The nerve-sparing techniques facilitated by 3D visualization help preserve erectile function, which is a significant concern for many patients undergoing prostate surgery .

7. Reduced Postoperative Pain
- Less Postoperative Discomfort: Smaller incisions and reduced tissue trauma result in less postoperative pain, which can be managed more effectively with less potent pain medications .
- Lower Risk of Chronic Pain: Minimally invasive techniques also lower the risk of developing chronic postoperative pain compared to more invasive surgical approaches .

By leveraging advanced 3D laparoscopic technology, this procedure offers numerous benefits that enhance patient outcomes, reduce complications, and promote faster and more comfortable recovery.

Our Team

Meet Our Distinguished Surgical Team


At RhodosUrology, we take pride in our exceptional surgical team, renowned for their expertise and contributions to the field of urology. Our team is led by the distinguished Professor Evangelos Liatsikos, who serves as President of both the European Association of Urology and the Hellenic Urological Association. Let us introduce you to the notable members of our surgical team:

1. Prof. Evangelos Liatsikos, MD, PhD, FEBU (Chairman, European Association of Urology and Hellenic Urological Association)
- Expertise: Professor Evangelos Liatsikos is a globally recognized urologist and a leading authority in his field. His extensive experience and dedication to advancing urological care have earned him the prestigious positions of President at both the European Association of Urology and the Hellenic Urological Association.
- Contributions: Professor Liatsikos has made significant contributions to urological research and education, making him a respected figure in the international medical community. His leadership ensures that RhodosUrology remains at the forefront of innovative urological treatments.

2. Dr. Marinos Vasilas, MD, PhDc (Urologist)
- Specialization: Dr. Marinos Vasilas is a highly skilled urologist specializing in minimally invasive techniques, including 3D Laparoscopic Prostate Adenomectomy. His commitment to patient care, attention to detail, and surgical expertise make him an integral part of our surgical team.
- Patient Care: Dr. Vasilas's focus on minimally invasive surgery ensures that patients benefit from reduced recovery times, less postoperative pain, and improved surgical outcomes.

3. Dr. Jason Kyriazis, MD, PhD, FEBU (Urologist)
- Knowledge and Experience: Dr. Jason Kyriazis brings his specialized knowledge and experience in urology to our team. His dedication to providing personalized care and staying updated with medical advancements ensures that our patients receive the highest quality treatment.
- Advanced Techniques: Dr. Kyriazis is well-versed in the latest urological procedures and technologies, ensuring that RhodosUrology patients have access to cutting-edge treatments.

Commitment to Excellence

Our surgical team, led by Prof. Evangelos Liatsikos, is dedicated to advancing the field of urology while prioritizing the well-being of our patients. With a focus on 3D Laparoscopic Prostate Adenomectomy, our specialists combine their collective knowledge, advanced technology, and patient-centered approach to deliver outstanding results.

- Advanced Technology: We utilize state-of-the-art equipment, such as the Karl Storz 3D 4k laparoscopic system, which offers unparalleled clarity and precision during surgical procedures.
- Patient-Centered Approach: We emphasize patient comfort and safety, providing comprehensive preoperative and postoperative care to ensure a smooth recovery process.

Our Promise

We understand that your health is of utmost importance, and our team is here to answer your questions, address your concerns, and guide you through every step of your journey. By choosing RhodosUrology, you are entrusting your care to a surgical team that combines excellence in urology with a commitment to your overall well-being.

We look forward to serving you with the highest level of expertise, compassion, and dedication. Your health and comfort are our top priorities, and it is our honor to have you as a member of our patient community.

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